The Library of Congress in Washington DC was founded in 1800. The terrible British burned the building in 1814, and destroyed 3,000 volumes. Those rotters. But the following year Congress approved the purchase of Thomas Jefferson’s personal library. The LOC is the largest library in the world with more than 164 million items.
We went for a visit, but didn’t bother with a tour and just wandered around with a info leaflet. It’s the interior decor and murals that are particularly impressive. Along the ornate staircases in the Great Hall there are figures of little boys, or ‘putti’. The represent the various occupations and pursuits of contemporary American life (that’s contemporary to 1897 when the building was completed). Above it depicts a farmer, bacchanalian, hunter, and mechanic which is an interesting mix.
The ceilings and walls were all covered in depictions of the arts and sciences. The lady in red (bottom right) is a mural representing understanding. The lass in the blue represents understanding. Above the Main Reading Room is a Government mural (top right), which reads ‘A government of the people, by the people, for the people’.
In the Main Reading Room (below) there are eight giant marble columns supporting 10ft high figures representing: religion, commerce, history, art, philosophy, poetry, law, and science. But, unless you’re an official library person, you can’t actually go in the Main Reading Room and just have to look at it through glass from a balcony above.